We all hear about blood cancer. Firstly I’m going to tell you what is blood cancer? Our blood consists of 3 cell red blood cell, white blood cell, and platelets. A red blood cell is responsible to carry oxygen in the blood, white blood cell act as a barrier against germs and platelets responsible in blood clots. Cancer starts in the bone marrow cell, which is the main stem of all cell. There is uncontrolled immature cells are going to produce. These immature cells don’t perform their function and also they clog up bone marrow and prevent other types of cell to perform their jobs in blood. This is the reason for blood cancer.
There are three types of blood cancer:
A blood cell is made inside bone marrow. Leukemia cancer especially affects our white blood cell. These cells are divide very quickly, and not develop in their proper form. Even, these cells live longer as than they are supposed to. They don’t help in the body immune system. Because the white blood cell develops the immune system in our body to kill the infection.
There are two types of leukemia, one is acute and the other is chronic.
In acute leukemia, the condition develops very quickly and they need to be treated straight away. But in chronic leukemia, the condition develops very slowly and they need to be treated slowly and it takes time.
- Get a lot of fever
- Night Sweats
- Lumps in neck & armpits
- Weight loss
- Bone pain
This is the type of blood cancer which affect our lymphatic system. The lymphatic system plays a major role in our immune system. White cell production and their transport in our blood are carried by the lymphatic system. It also removes waste from our blood.
Lymphoma causes the uncontrolled production of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) that grows out of control and don’t fight against infection. Lymphoma can develop in many parts of your body, including your lymph nodes, bone marrow, blood, spleen, and other organs.
There are two types of lymphoma, one is Non-Hodgkin and second is Hodgkin Lymphoma.
Non-Hodgkin: There are two types of lymphocytes, B cells, and T cells. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma can develop from T cells, but a B cell origin is more common.
Hodgkin: Hodgkin Lymphoma (sometimes called Hodgkin’s disease) develops from B cells.
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Belly pain
- Itchy skin
Myeloma (also referred to as multiple myeloma) is a blood cancer that affects a certain type of white blood cell called a plasma cell. These cells are made in your bone marrow and produce antibodies which help fight infection.
The plasma cell is another type of disease-fighting cell in your bloodstream. Multiple myelomas cause your bone marrow to make plasma cells that grow out of control and keep your body from making enough healthy blood cells. They also release chemicals into your blood that can hurt your organs and tissues.
- Pain in leg & arm
- Damage healthy cells
- Causes anemia